Screed Flooring: Everything You Need to Know

Concrete flooring conjures up images of rough and hard concrete or cement pathways that appear unlikely to be a good alternative in any home! This, however, is not the case. Concrete and cement floors come in a range of designs and textures that can lend a distinctive aspect to any room.

Concrete flooring conjures up images of rough and hard concrete or cement pathways that appear unlikely to be a good alternative in any home! This, however, is not the case. Concrete and cement floors come in a range of designs and textures that can lend a distinctive aspect to any room.

Concrete and screed flooring are frequently used interchangeably; however, concrete flooring is a mixture of cement, aggregates, and water. The different levels of cement and aggregates in each type are what separates them. In the following parts, we will discuss the differences between the two floorings, their benefits and drawbacks, and the prices of each.

What exactly is concrete flooring?

Screed Flooring: Everything You Need to Know

When most people think of concrete flooring, they think of construction and highways; nevertheless, this material is rapidly being used in the interior flooring of many homes! It’s made out of cement, water, and other coarse stones like gravel or sand. When a damp concrete mixture is dried, chemical processes result in a crystalline link. The extensive usage of this material in the construction of metropolitan areas demonstrates its endurance. It usually takes one to two days for the concrete to set, but it can take up to a month to attain its optimum strength.

Concrete floor finishing options include acid staining, acrylic sealant, metallic or normal epoxy, water staining, and many more! This emphasizes the diversity of concrete flooring visual characteristics! They also come in a variety of hues other than the standard grey that we are all accustomed to.

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What exactly is Cement screed flooring?

A cement screed flooring is made up of cement, particles (such as clay and lime), and water. To form a smooth paste, combine the cement and water. This mixture typically consists of one part cement and three or four  parts sand. The surface of the sand or aggregates is usually coated with this paste, which hardens by hydration to form a solid mass with excellent strength and durability. This screed flooring will dry in 1 to 2 days, but it may take up to a week before high-level operations can take place on it.

The texture of cement screed flooring is smooth, and it is widely used as a sub-layering material prior to the installation of other floorings or tiles! As a result, you may not see it as frequently. This would ensure that inside surfaces are flat and free of irregularities. Color can also be applied to this sort of flooring to give some vitality to your home! This flooring can be used in rustic, retro, or industrial settings. They are typically used to cover heating systems and thermal insulations. Some polymer screeds are more rigorous and water-resistant than others, making them an excellent choice for usage in demanding conditions.

What Is the main difference between cement and concrete flooring?

Cement screed flooring utilizes fewer aggregates. The grade of cement used in these types of flooring is also different.

Concrete flooring is far more durable, sturdy, and long-lasting because it uses coarse and hard-core aggregates. But, Screed is a more refined blend. Concrete is by nature more durable and stronger than cement due to the inclusion of coarser particles. As a result, concrete is commonly employed as the foundation’s base layer.

A layer of screed flooring can be applied on top of the concrete to give it a good polish. You can use this for indoor flooring to give a leveled surface for other final floor coverings like carpets, tiles, linoleum, wood flooring, parquet flooring, and others. As a result, screed flooring is essentially a finer sort of concrete that serves as a top layer on a previously cured and pre-existing concrete base.

Concrete flooring benefits and drawbacks

Screed Flooring: Everything You Need to Know

Concrete flooring, also known as cement screed flooring, has various advantages and disadvantages that make it an excellent choice in some situations but not so much in others. These advantages and disadvantages are as follows:

Pros:

  • The strength, durability, and resilience of concrete flooring are three of its most significant features. It is not readily damaged. You may be confident that children, pets, claws, and high heels will not damage the floor.
  • Concrete flooring is less expensive than most flooring kinds, such as marble flooring, parquet flooring, and wood flooring. • Concrete flooring takes less upkeep. It simply has to be sealed or waxed about every six months.
  • Concrete floors may be readily cleaned with a neutral cleaning agent and water, and with regular care and upkeep, they can last a lifetime.
  • Concrete and cement flooring comes in a variety of colors, grains, and textures, giving you a wide range of possibilities.
  • When combined with hardwood textures and features, concrete flooring provides the appropriate rough and rugged appeal that enriches the interior decor of any area.

Cons:

  • Because cement and concrete flooring is poured directly and left to dry as a whole, cracks are to be expected. This would necessitate repairs for the new flooring, which may be difficult for some.
  • Because concrete flooring is hard and robust, anything that may crack or break when it falls on it will most likely break.
  • Concrete floors can be rather slippery, especially if there is water on the surface, which  presents a hazard to homeowners and their children. Furthermore, falls may be more painful due to their hardness.
  • Because of its hardness, concrete flooring can be rather uncomfortable to stand or walk on for extended periods of time.
  • Concrete flooring can become quite cold in the winter. To overcome this problem, you may need to use carpets or rugs.
  • If concrete floors are not adequately sealed with a high-quality protective coating, moisture can infiltrate the floor. Mold and fungus can grow as a result of this. This can also result in floor cracks.
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Concrete flooring price

Concrete flooring is less expensive than other forms of flooring. It may be purchased in its raw form for less than $10, especially for a simple design. However, when other processes, such as sealing, protective coating, and staining, are factored in, the cost can range from $15 to $30 per square foot. Other charges, such as floor grinding, painting, and polishing, may be included. Not to mention the labor costs.

The price of cement screed flooring

In Singapore, cement screed flooring costs between S$14 and S$28 per square foot. Repairs to the new flooring should be expected due to the risk of cracks forming after the cement mix has cured. Other factors, such as the concrete flooring, may raise the cost of installation.

How to install concrete flooring

How to Install Concrete Flooring

When compared to other options such as vinyl flooring, laminate flooring, wood, or carpet, installing a simple concrete floor or a decorated concrete floor takes significantly longer.

  1. It will take 4-6 days, depending on the size of the space, but the end result will be worth it. The steps for building a concrete floor are as follows:
  2. The subfloor must be prepared first. If necessary, the floor is dug and leveled to produce a smooth basis.
  3. A layer of sand is then added at the very bottom to help keep moisture out.
  4. A plastic sheet is then placed over the sand layer, followed by another layer of sand and a plastic sheet.
  5. A wire mesh is inserted between the two layers of sand and plastic sheet.
  6. The desired concrete is next made in accordance with the manual’s recommendations. Depending on your choices, this can contain any color, design, or texture.
  7. The next stage is to pour the concrete/cement over this layer. After pouring, it is leveled with a float and let to completely set. It can take three to four days for the concrete to cure entirely.
  8. If you want engraving or other textures imprinted on the floor, they are formed during the concrete pouring process using various stencils and molds and then allowed to set.
  9. After the concrete has hardened, it is time to polish it. A grinder is utilized throughout the entire floor, leaving no space for this function.
  10. The floor is next cleaned with a non-abrasive cloth to remove any remaining particles before the final sealing. A high-quality sealer is spread uniformly over the entire floor using a sealer applicator spray. Caution should be exercised to ensure that not even the smallest speck or dirt interferes with the sealing process; otherwise, the entire process will have to be repeated.
  11. Once the sealing is finished, it takes around 30 minutes to cure and be ready for usage.
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How to keep cement/concrete floors clean

When compared to other types of floors, concrete floors are comparatively simple to clean and maintain. The following are the care and maintenance instructions for concrete/cement floors:

  • To remove visible dust and debris from concrete floors, just vacuum or brush them.
  • To achieve a thorough cleaning, use a damp mop and a non-acidic, non-alkali cleaner or water.
  • Get yourself a buffer to keep your concrete flooring looking new and smooth!
  • Liquid spills, like any other flooring, should be cleaned up immediately to avoid stains on the concrete floor.
  • Heavy traffic can create wear and tear on the floor, which can be avoided simply by placing rugs or floor mats in such areas.
  • Protective wax should be placed on the concrete floor every few months to keep it looking good.
  • Concrete floors should be treated with a good floor sealant every few years to prevent water, filth, stains, and abrasions.
  • Polished concrete floors may lose their sheen over time. This is remedied by buffing the floor with a commercial polishing compound. The floor can be polished even further with a fine-grit abrasive.
  • In the case of plain concrete, chemicals or degreasers may be used to remove difficult stains. These are not suitable for polished or pigmented concrete.

Concrete and screed flooring design options

Cement and concrete flooring have a variety of styles. These are described more below:

  • They come in a range of hues and  are often available in earthy and grey tones, but additional color tones can be achieved by putting stains, dyes, and sealers on the surface.
  • They can also imitate the stains of wood, marble, stone, or brick. Stained concrete provides consumers with a range of warm and earthy designs. Not only that, but they can also have a textured finish, and they can be polished to provide a satin or high gloss appearance. The level of shine and gloss can be determined by the user.
  • Stencils and engravings can also be utilized to insert brands and graphics into the floor, and concrete flooring allows you to disguise cracks, stains, and defects using overlays and micro toppers.
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Conclusion

Cement screed flooring or concrete flooring is a long-lasting and resilient type of flooring that, if properly maintained, can last for years. It is an excellent choice for bathrooms, kitchens, basements, and garages. Concrete flooring, on the other hand, may now be utilized in living rooms and bedrooms thanks to a wide choice of design alternatives. Concrete flooring, with its many hues and textures, may complement any sort of interior design.

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